Name for a creature with the body of a lion and the head (or at least the face) of a human or of other animals, such as a ram (connected with Amun-Re). Usually the sphinx wears the so-called 'nemes' headdress, a royal headdress. The majority of the statues known depict a recumbent sphinx, but there are also depictions of standing and striding sphinxes, occasionally even as small bronze statues; the latter category is bound up in art with the motif of trampling the enemies. The oldest fragment of a sphinx is probably the head of a statue of Djedefre, a son of Khufu (4th Dynasty), found in his pyramid complex. The best known is the enormous Sphinx of Giza, 73 meters long and 20 meters high, situated next to the pyramid way of Khafre (4th Dynasty). This sphinx, probably a representation of Khafre himself (although some scholars think that it is Khufu), was regarded from the New Kingdom on as a statue of the sun god Re-Harakhty. It was then called 'Horus in the Horizon', in Egyptian 'Her-em-akhet', known to the Greeks as Harmakhis. This cult lasted from the 18th Dynasty until the Graeco-Roman Period. Over the course of the centuries, the Sphinx of Giza has often been buried in the wind-blown desert sand but always re-excavated. Tuthmosis IV, for example, was ordered to do this in a dream, with the promise that he would then become king. This oracle-like event was subsequently recorded by him on a stela between the front paws of the Sphinx. Sphinxes, at least from the New Kingdom on, were often put in rows on either side of the processional ways belonging to many temples. In some instances, such as the temple of Karnak, they were sphinxes with ram's heads, the sacred animal of Amun the god of Karnak. The name sphinx comes from the Greek, although it has been suggested that the name may have derived from the Egyptian words 'shesep ankh' ('living image'), another term for a sphinx in Egyptian.