Fourth king of the 4th Dynasty, son of Khufu and father of Menkaure; he built the second pyramid of Giza. He apparently succeeded to the throne ahead of the sons of his brother and predecessor Djedefre. According to Herodotus and Manetho he ruled for 66 years, but the Turin Royal Canon gives a number between 20 and 30 years; it is now assumed that 26 years is the correct number. The Sphinx of Giza bears the features of Khafre, or so it is assumed because the Sphinx is located immediately next to Khafre's valley temple and processional way. A number of statues of Khafre were found in the valley temple, including a famous statue of the seated king protected by the wings of the Horus falcon. It is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Khafre is the Egyptian form of the name of the king; the Greek form after Herodotus is Chephren.